oikologica logo "OIKO LOGICA is committed to helping communities and governments in vulnerable countries to prepare, face, integrate, comprehend, assimilate and absorb the challenge of climate change and sustainable development."

Sectors

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Sustainable Development

The link between climate change and sustainable development is strong. While climate change knows no boundaries, poor and developing countries will be among those most adversely affected and least able to cope with the anticipated changes to their social, economic and natural systems.  Sustainable development meets the needs of the present situation without compromising the condition of future generations.

Climate Change

Policy makers face societal and economic challenges when addressing climate change, including the need to bring climate action into the wider agenda of economic welfare and sustainable development. Decision-making processes require robust estimates of the costs and benefits, as well as risks and opportunities associated with different mitigation pathways against a background of uncertainty about the future climate and its impacts. It is also necessary to explicitly address the links between the development of low-emission and climate-resilient strategies and other policies to promote sustainable development, and to understand how both the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change is connected to issues such as eradication of energy poverty, increased well-being and welfare, air quality improvement, technology innovation, and food and water availability. To respond effectively to climate change and simultaneously meet sustainable development goals, radical transformations are needed to enable the transition to a clean, low-carbon, sustainable and resilient society, at the national, regional and global levels.

Environment and Natural Resources

There is a mutual dependency between sustainable development and climate change. On one hand, climate change influences key natural and human living conditions and thereby the basis for social and economic development, while on the other hand, our development priories influence both the greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change and our vulnerability to climate change.
Climate policies can be more effective when consistently embedded within broader strategies designed to make national and regional development paths more sustainable. This occurs because the impact of climate variability and change, climate policy responses and associated socio-economic development affect the ability of countries to achieve sustainable development goals. Conversely, the pursuit of these goals affects the opportunities for, and success of, climate policies.
The impact of climate change on development prospects have also been described in an inter-agency project on poverty and climate change: ‘Climate Change will compound existing poverty. Its adverse impacts will be most striking in developing nations because of their dependence on natural resources and their limited capacity to adapt to a changing climate. Within these countries, the poorest, who have the least resources and the least capacity to adapt, are the most vulnerable’.

Food security

Climate change will worsen the living conditions of farmers, the fishery sector and forest-dependent people who are already vulnerable, and hence, hunger and malnutrition will increase. Rural communities, particularly those living in already fragile environments, face an immediate and ever-growing risk of increased crop failure, loss of livestock and reduced availability of marine, aquaculture and forest products. More frequent and more intense extreme weather events will have adverse impacts on food availability, accessibility, stability and utilisation, as well as on livelihood assets and opportunities in both rural and urban areas. Poor people will be at risk of food insecurity due to loss of assets and lack of adequate insurance coverage. Rural people’s ability to cope with the impact of climate change depends on the existing cultural and policy context, as well as on socio-economic factors such as gender, age, household composition and distribution of assets.

Agriculture

OIKO LOGICA has direct expertise in different areas of the agriculture sector: providing advice to governments for the formulation of conservation agriculture practices, formulating national agricultural, fishery and forestry reform programmes and action plans, and organising workshops with cooperatives and farmers to ensure food security and climate change adaptation strategies. These include feed and fodder practices, changing crop rotation to make the best use of available water, adjusting sowing dates according to temperature and rainfall patterns, using crop varieties better suited to new weather conditions (e.g. more resilient to heat and drought), plant hedgerows or small wooded areas on arable land that reduce water run-off and act as wind-breaks, among others.

Renewable Energy

Following the Energy for All initiative, OIKOLOGICA supports three interlinked objectives in the application of renewable energy solutions in remote regions:

  • 1. Ensuring universal access to energy services, especially in rural off grid areas.
  • 2. Improving the efficiency of energy uses.
  • 3. Reducing vulnerability of the energy mix.

These three objectives reinforce each other in important ways. Affordable renewable energy technologies bring modern energy services to rural communities where extension of the conventional power grid is prohibitively expensive and impractical. Bolstering energy efficiency can provide substantial cost savings to governments, businesses and households, while freeing up power for other more productive uses. Achieving the three objectives together will maximize development benefits and help stabilize climate change over the long run.

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