Reducing GHG emissions in dairy farms from Uruguay
Uruguay’s emissions profile is strongly marked by emissions related to food production. According to the latest National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, in 2017, 60% of net emissions (considering removals) and 77% of gross emissions (without considering removals) correspond to the agricultural sector. Within these, 95% of emissions are generated within establishments and 2.5% in industry. Therefore, it is a priority for the country to work on mitigation and adaptation alternatives in this sector, and to make progress in the use of waste from animal production systems, particularly from livestock.
In Uruguay, there are currently approximately 3,900 dairy farmers. In recent decades there has been a significant increase in milk production at the national level, accompanied by a process of concentration of production systems.Production increased by 52% during the last 15 years, from 1.3 to 2 million liters per year, while the number of dairies decreased by 31%, from 5,100 to 3,900 dairies. This process, together with the changes in the global context, have caused production systems to face new problems. The challenge for Uruguay’s dairy industry in the future will be to make intensification sustainable.
During 2019 and 2020, the Project for the Evaluation of the current situation of the Circular Economy for the development of a Roadmap for Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay was implemented through the CTCN, a project aimed at promoting actions to mitigate climate change and progress in the circular economy for which two value chains were selected, the dairy and meat chain.
The purpose of this technical assistance is to identify and study climate technologies and circularity practices for the treatment and use of flows and materials. In addition, technologies that have worked at the pilot level but have challenges for scaling up will be studied. Centralized models that include waste from other agricultural industries will be evaluated to determine management models, assessing their economic feasibility and co-benefits, and identifying the actors that should participate in order to obtain sustainable models that can be replicated at the national level.
DONOR · PARTNER
Paraguay has over 3.900 dairy farmers
Only 5% of the national territory is used to produce milk
70% of its dairy production is exported